After the takeover of Lancia by Pesenti in 1955 there was money to develop
new models. Having designed the Flaminia, technical director Antonio Fessia
was given a free hand and chose to design a car with front-wheel drive.
Only DKW, Adler and Citroën had so far successfully made front wheel
drive cars but the concept had a big drawback, reactions by the driven
wheels were felt at the steering wheel. The Flavia is generally regarded
as the first to solve this problem. Reputedly some Flavia owners only
discovered that they had front-wheel drive when they fitted snow chains
on the rear wheels! To reduce weight ahead of the front axle and keep
the centre of gravity low the Flavia has a boxer engine, being shorter
and a lot lower than a four in line. It went into production as a 1.5
litre but was felt to be underpowered and soon grew to 1.8 and finally
Engine, gearbox and suspension are attached to a subframe that is fitted
in rubber to the body shell. Front suspension is double wishbone with
a transverse leaf spring while at the rear a light tubular axle is supported
on leaf springs. All Flavias have disc brakes front and rear with vacuum
assistance, and power steering was an option from 1967.
The styling of the early Berlina was very outspoken and it received a
facelift in 1967, the Flavia Milleotto. Following the takeover by Fiat
in 1969 there was a second restyling in 1971 and the Flavia name was dropped.
The new model was renamed 2000 to indicate a new start.
Pininfarina designed a beautiful Coupé, Vignale a Convertible that
seated four and Zagato made the Sport - even by Zagato-standards its styling
The Flavia set a standard of ride quality that is still unmatched today
by many modern cars and it is a perfect car for everyday use.
|Unitary body with a subframe for the
engine, gearbox and front suspension.
Aluminium four cylinder boxer engine, two camshafts in the sump, pushrods
and rockers, 1488, 1490, 1500, 1727, 1800, 1816 and 1991 cc. Optional
from 1965 Kugelfischer mechanical fuel injection and from 1971 Bosch
D-jetronic elektronic injection. 78 - 126 pk.
Fully synchronised four speed, five speed optional on the 2000, standard
on the 2000 injection.
165-15, 175-14 for the 2000.
2650 mm, Coupe, Convertible and Sport 2480 mm.
1200 Kg., Sport 1100 kg.
150 for the Berlina 1500 to 190 km/h for the 2000 HF.