In the early fifties cars had rounded shapes with small windows. Pinin
Farina – the Italian top designer (from 1961 spelled Pininfarina)
– made all these designs look outdated at a single stroke, with
the Aurelia Florida. With a single sweeping line from headlamp to taillight,
flat surfaces and large windows, this 1955 prototype introduced an angular
style that has influenced car styling to the present day. The Florida
was built on an Aurelia B12 platform and the Lancia management was so
impressed that work started immediately to develop it for production.
The Flaminia, as the new model would be called, had an all new V6 engine,
similar to the Aurelia but bigger and stronger. The rear-mounted gearbox
and De Dion rear axle were identical to last series Aurelias, but at the
front the sliding pillar system had at last given way to a modern double
wishbone lay-out. The Flaminia was the first Lancia to be fitted with
disc brakes (front and rear), first as an option, but after 500 cars were
built they became a standard feature.
Where the Flaminia really excelled was in its styling. The Berlina is
the most beautiful closed car ever built by Lancia, and the other models
are equally outstanding. Pininfarina built a very chic Coupé, a
design reflecting the Berlina. Touring built an aluminium Coupé
(GT and GTL) and an identical Convertible. Zagato also worked with aluminium
and created the Sport and Super Sport. These Zagato designs have a double-bubble
roof for more interior space for driver and passenger and are the fastest
and most spectacular of all the Flaminias.
|Berlina and Pininfarina Coupé:
unitary body made in steel,
Touring and Zagato: platform chassis with aluminium body.
Aluminium V6 with an inclined angle of 60°, single camshaft in
the block, 2458 cc, from 1963 2775 cc, 102 - 152 pk.
Fully synchronised four speed, together with clutch, final drive and
brakes fitted in transaxle.
Berlina 175–400, other models 165-400.
2870 mm, Coupé 2750 mm, Touring and Zagato 2520 mm, GTL 2600
Approximately 1500 Kg, Touring and Zagato 1300 - 1400 kg.
160 - 190 km/h, Zagato Super Sport 210 km/h.